Reindeer biology and reindeer husbandry
The course evaluation is now closed
Once the evaluation is closed, the course coordinator and student representative have 1 month to draft their comments. The comments will be published in the evaluation report.
Additional course evaluations for HV0173
Academic year 2021/2022
2021-08-30 - 2022-01-16
Academic year 2020/2021
2020-08-31 - 2021-01-17
Academic year 2019/2020
2019-09-02 - 2020-01-19
Syllabus and other information
HV0173 Reindeer biology and reindeer husbandry, 7.5 CreditsRenens biologi och renskötsel
SubjectsAnimal Science Biology
Education cycleBachelor’s level
Advanced study in the main fieldFirst cycle, has less than 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirementsBachelor’s level (G1F)
Prior knowledge- 30 credits higher education
- Biology 2 or Biology B
ObjectivesThe aim of the course is to provide knowledge about the reindeer’s biology and adaptation to the subarctic and arctic environment and to provide basic knowledge of reindeer husbandry as a pastoral system with a focus on the system in Sweden.
After completing the course, the student should be able to:
- overall describe where in the world the reindeer occur and what characterizes the environment in these areas,
- describe the reindeer’s adaptation to the environment and how the reindeer thereby differ from other wild and domestic animals,
- describe the reindeer’s grazing pattern and nutrition at different times of the year,
- describe how reindeer husbandry is conducted in Sweden and discuss how different factors can affect production,
- describe in general how politics, authorities and industry affect the conditions of reindeer husbandry and its place in Sami culture,
- describe the importance of reindeer husbandry for the Sami culture and the rest of society.
ContentLectures, excursions, course literature, online teaching materials, exercises and project work dealing with reindeer adaptation to the Arctic and subarctic environment, where the reindeer are compared to other wild and domestic animals. The nutritional needs and nutritional intake of the reindeer are treated in relation to pasture availability, grazing patterns, growth and reproduction. The course also addresses the relationship between grazing, fitness, health and production, as well as management measures to improve survival and production. Adaptation of the number of animals to the pasture resources, control of the herd structure and selection efforts when recruiting animals to the herd are described. Reindeer herding pastoralism as a form of production is compared with other extensive animal husbandry. Furthermore, economic and social conditions within reindeer husbandry, land rights, competing interests, the authorities’ responsibilities in relation to the management of reindeer husbandry, and the history and future of the reindeer industry are discussed.
In addition to the written and oral examination, the course contains two compulsory physical meetings of 2-3 days (one in Jokkmokk and one in Uppsala) where excursions, study visits, lectures and seminars are included.
Formats and requirements for examinationPassed written and oral examination, passed participation in compulsory exercises. If a student fails a test, the examiner may give the student a supplementary assignment, provided this is possible and there is reason to do so.
If a student has been granted targeted study support because of a disability, the examiner has the right to offer the student an adapted test, or provide an alternative form of assessment.
If this course is discontinued, SLU will decide on transitional provisions for the examination of students admitted under this syllabus who have not yet been awarded a Pass grade.
For the assessment an independent project (degree project), the examiner may also allow a student to add supplemental information after the deadline for submission. For more information, please refer to the Education Planning and Administration Handbook.
- If the student fails a test, the examiner may give the student a supplementary assignment, provided this is possible and there is reason to do so.
- If the student has been granted special educational support because of a disability, the examiner has the right to offer the student an adapted test, or provide an alternative assessment.
- If changes are made to this course syllabus, or if the course is closed, SLU shall decide on transitional rules for examination of students admitted under this syllabus but who have not yet passed the course.
- For the examination of a degree project (independent project), the examiner may also allow the student to add supplemental information after the deadline. For more information on this, please refer to the regulations for education at Bachelor's and Master's level.
Other informationThe right to take part in teaching and/or supervision only applies to the course instance which the student has been admitted to and registered on.
If there are special reasons, the student may take part in course components that require compulsory attendance at a later date. For more information, please refer to the Education Planning and Administration Handbook.
Additional informationThe course is given as a distance course at 25% speed. The course contains two compulsory physical meetings, a 3-day meeting at the start of the course in Jokkmokk, the Sami education center and a 2-day meeting in Uppsala, SLU. The student is responsible for costs and booking of travel and accommodation at both meetings. The meetings take place mainly on weekends.
In addition to lectures during the meetings, the course is based on self-study of assigned literature and information online, answering assignments and completing exercises via the internet. Communication, in addition to the physical meetings, takes place via the course’s website and e-mail.
The course website contains all information regarding the course and is used to complete the course elements. Access to a computer with an internet connection is required to be able to follow the course. Examination is conducted orally and via the web-based learning platform (Canvas).
Literature in Norwegian and English may occur.
Department of Animal Nutrition and Management
Litteraturlista till Renens biologi och renskötsel - HV0173
Renen – en överlevare från istiden, av Berit Inga, Ájtte svenskt Fjäll och Samemuseum, Jokkmokk, 2018. – kan köpas vid första kursträffen i Jokkmokk (ca 150 kr).
Renskötselrätt, Ulrika Geijer 2003, Samiid Riikkasearvi/SSR, Forskningsförmedlingen, 2003 (pdf i Canvas)
Kaptiel 7. Renhjordens produktionspotential, Eldar Gaare och Öje Danell 1998, i Reindrift i Nordvest-Europa i 1998 – biologiska muligheter och og begrensninger TemaNord 1999:510. ©Nordisk Ministerråd Köpenhamn 1999 (pdf i Canvas)
Tyler NJ.C. and Blix A.S. “Survival strategies in arctic ungulates” Rangifer, Special Issue No. 3, 1990. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/rangifer/article/view/859/821
Renkött − är det alltid mört, gott och nyttigt? Wiklund E, Malmfors G & Finstad G, *Rangifer *Report No. 12 (2007): 71-77, https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/rangifer/article/view/272/255
Skarin, A. and B. Åhman (2014). "Do human activity and infrastructure disturb domesticated reindeer? - The need for the reindeer's perspective." Polar Biology 37: 1041-1054. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00300-014-1499-5
Kuoljok K (2019) Without land we are lost: traditional knowledge, digital technology and power relations AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples15 349–58 https://doi.org/10.1177/1177180119890134
*Du hittar många vetenskapliga artiklar i tidskriften Rangifer, som är specialicerad på renar (inklusive caribou, som är samma art fast vilda i nordamerika) och renskötsel *http://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/rangifer under “Archives”
**Editerad bok om renskötseln i Fennoscandia
**I den här boken jämförs renskötselns förutsättningar i Sverige, Norge och Finland. Den finns gratis att ladda ner på förläggarens hemsida.
Horstkotte, T., Holand, Ø., Kumpula, J., & Moen, J. (Eds.). (2022). Reindeer Husbandry and Global Environmental Change: Pastoralism in Fennoscandia (1st ed.). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003118565
Renskötsel i Sverige:
https://www.sametinget.se/ Sametingets hemsida - ”Rennäring” *(statistik över renantal, slakt osv finns under ”Statistik rennäring” i vänstermenyn)
*http://www.sapmi.se/ - Svenska Samernas Riksförbund
http://www.samer.se/ - Informationssida om samer och Sapmi
Renar och renskötsel i världen:
Film om renskötseln i världen från ”International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry (ICR)” https://youtu.be/DEv9w3qT5XU
https://carma.caff.is – Circum Arctic Rangifer Monitoring and Assessment Network