Time budgets of dairy cows with cow-calf contact in a loose housing system with automatic milking

Last changed: 21 May 2021
Image of scientific poster. Author: Teresa Johansson

Teresa Johansson, Animal Science - Master's programme


Short description of your pro: Time budgets of dairy cows in loose housing systems can be defined as the allocation of behaviours over a 24-hour period, such as lying, feeding, socializing, drinking, and milking. The cow has little control over the time spent in milking facilities as this is largely decided by the management. However, the rest of the day can be voluntarily divided between the different behaviours when in a loose housing system. Time is a limited resource for the dairy cow with different factors i.e., housing and management, causing time constraints in the day-to-day behaviours. Another factor that could have an impact on the dairy cow time budget is the presence of her calf. Traditionally, in dairy farming the calves are removed from the dam within a few hours or days however, this can be seen as unnatural and potentially negative for the welfare of both the dam and her calf. Therefore, methods of keeping the cow and calf together are of interest. However, to date, the time budgets of dairy cows with cow-calf contact in an automatic milking system has not yet been investigated and the implications for both the dam and calf are not fully known when implementing this type of system. Therefore, the aim of this study was to see how the addition of the calves into the loose housing system with automatic milking would impact the time budgets of dairy cows.


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Image of scientific poster. Author: Teresa Johansson

About me

Teresa Johansson. Private photo.

Teresa Johansson

I grew up the United States, where I studied a bachelor’s degree in Biology and Swedish at the University of Washington. Afterwards, I worked in an animal research lab which shifted my interests to animal welfare and opened my eyes up to the field of research. This position led me to the decision to further my studies with a master’s degree in animal science here at SLU. During my time at SLU, I have become passionate about animal welfare and chose to have this as the focus of my animal science degree. I became especially interested in production animals throughout the program and during my master thesis project. And I hope to work with animal welfare in the near future! Feel free to contact me with any questions!