The business of business is the common good
Emma Bergeling, Ekonomi - hållbar utveckling
The background of this thesis is the climate and environmental crises that create new challenges for all of society, including businesses. Our current economic system with GDP as a core measurement and economic growth as a goal is being increasingly questioned in the literature when it comes to reaching our sustainability goals. If planetary stability requires humanity to move away from the growth paradigm to something else, a highly relevant question is what the role of businesses, as key economic institutions, is in this transition.
One proposition is that the future of business is Not-for-Profit, i.e., that profit is seen as a means to reach certain social and ecological goals, rather than an end in and of itself. The Not-for-Profit theory is quite new, and empirical research on Not-for-Profit business is needed. This thesis aims to contribute to said empirical research by examining the conditions for Not-for-Profit businesses, both in terms of their day-to-day operations and their work with sustainability as well as what would facilitate a relative increase of Not-for-Profit businesses in Sweden.