Sustainability certifications (Fairtrade, UTZ, RA, 4C, Organic, Nespresso AAA, Starbucks C.A.F.E. Practices, etc.) are important tools for sustainable coffee production but continue to disappoint and change is needed. This is an opportunity to upgrade them. Blockchain technology is increasingly gaining momentum in the food supply chain, as a technology to shape trust by installing transparency and fairness. Blockchain is a software system that belongs to the distributed ledger technology to assure digital identity, digital traceability, and unchangeable records. After evaluating the impacts of sustainability certifications in coffee production, with an objective to assess if blockchain technology, could complement the major applied sustainability certification schemes for more sustainable coffee production, the study suggests that blockchain would be a good option to complement the existing sustainability certifications shortfalls for an efficient coffee production chain, transparency, and fairness to enhance the inequitable and unbalanced coffee chain.
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