Can directed policy increase plant-based food in place of meat, to reduce GHG emissions? The case of minced products in Sweden.

Last changed: 21 May 2021
Image of scientific poster. Author: Leonie Gollisch

Leonie Gollisch, Agricultural, Food and Environmental Policy Analysis - Master´s Programme


Short description of your pro: Our food system contributes significantly to global GHG-emissions, accelerating climate change. A switch in diets, especially from high-emitting meats to less-emitting plant-based goods, is therefore required to fulfill defined mitigation targets. Within this context, plant-based substitutes came increasingly into focus as their markets experience unprecedented growth. At hand of supermarket instore data, specified on minced products of animal and plant-based origins, it was the aim of this work to analyse whether taxes and subsidies could increase people’s relative plant-based consumption in place of meat, to reduce diet-related GHGs. Two policy scenarios, a taxation of external effects and same taxation with a 10 % subsidy placed on plant-based goods, were tested. Results indicate that demand changes as a response to the intervention, and GHGs can be reduced. However, reduced meat in favour of plant-based consumption for emission mitigation cannot be reached. The obtained findings indicate that consumers highly prioritize beef and rather reduce their demand for substitutes to sustain meat purchases in case of taxation or use additional budget margins on further beef purchases if the subsidy is placed. Accordingly, the effect on beef demand heavily determines the emission scheme as the product dominating purchases. Before price-based measures can be effective and induce a dietary shift, consumers need to perceive plant-based products as valid foods and increase their purchases. Only then such measures could play an important role in stimulating consumers’ willingness to substitute.


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Image of scientific poster. Author: Leonie Gollisch


About me

Leonie Gollisch. Private photo.

Leonie Gollisch

Be it Germany or any country I’ve visited so far - severe challenges in the agricultural, food and environmental sector are pervasive. I am especially passionate about finding respective solutions within the spectrum that possible policy measures have to offer. I am currently studying within the Agricultural, Food and Environmental Policy Analysis master programme, and looking forward to work on the challenges lying ahead!